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Joshua MalinWritten by Joshua Malin
Reviewed by Lana Hambilton
Last updated 19/02/2024

Key takeaways

If you’re worried about paying expensive medical bills for doctor visits, tests and other out-of-hospital services, the Medicare Safety Net may be able to help reduce some of your out-of-pocket costs.

What is the Medicare Safety Net?

The Medicare Safety Net works by providing additional financial support to Australians with high medical costs by increasing their Medicare rebate for out-of-hospital healthcare services, such as x-rays and blood tests.1

Once you exceed the relevant threshold in a calendar year, you’ll continue to pay the same upfront amount for doctors, tests and other services but receive a higher Medicare benefit. The exact increase in your Medicare benefit will depend on the safety net you fall under and whether any concessional or family benefits apply.

You may be eligible for the Medicare Safety Net if you spend a lot of money visiting GPs and specialists or undergoing an array of scans, pathology and diagnostic tests listed on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). However, it doesn’t apply to treatments you receive as a hospital patient or for day surgery.


What does the Medicare Safety Net cover?

Your procedure must be an out-of-hospital service (not a treatment or surgery you receive as a hospital patient) and listed on the MBS to qualify for the Medicare Safety Net. Common procedures that you can claim on the Medicare Safety Net include:1

  • Blood tests
  • GP consultations
  • CT scans
  • Ultrasounds
  • X-rays.

It’s essential to check that the Safety Net covers your treatment by asking your specialist, doctor or Medicare beforehand. Services that aren’t covered won’t count to your Safety Net thresholds.

Medicare will also be able to advise you (via phone, in person or online) of the threshold amount you’re eligible for and how close you are to meeting it.


What kind of Medicare Safety Nets are available?

Woman saves money with the Medicare safety net
There are two Medicare Safety Nets that you may be eligible for: the Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN) and the Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN). You must hold a valid Medicare card to be eligible for either, but it’s possible to meet thresholds for both.2

There is also a separate safety net for medications called the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) Safety Net.3

Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN)

For all out-of-hospital medical treatments covered by Medicare, the government sets a fee that they think is reasonable to charge (known as a schedule fee). Medicare rebates a percentage of the schedule fee and you’re expected to pay the remaining amount unless your doctor charges the amount Medicare contributes, which is known as bulk billing. The difference between what Medicare pays and the schedule fee is known as the gap amount and is what counts toward the OMSN threshold.

Example: George requires an x-ray, which has a schedule fee of $246.55. Medicare reimburses George 85% of the fee ($209.56), meaning the gap he pays is $36.99. This $36.99 is the amount that contributes to the OMSN threshold.

When you reach your threshold in a calendar year, you’re entitled to a 100% rebate of the schedule fee until 31 December.

Before reaching the threshold, you’re able to claim 85% of the schedule fee for out-of-hospital service costs and 100% for GP consultations through Medicare. Single people are automatically paid their OMSN amount after they reach the threshold, but you’ll need to register all family members with Medicare to receive OMSN benefits as a family.2

Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN)

Health professionals can set their own fees above the MBS, and when this happens, you’re left with out-of-pocket expenses in addition to any gap payments you make. It’s these out-of-pocket expenses that contribute to your EMSN threshold.

Example: Anne requires a CT scan with a schedule fee of $100, but her specialist charges $125. Medicare reimburses Anne 85% of the schedule fee, which is $85. She’s still required to pay the gap ($15) as well as the remaining $25 out of pocket expense on top of it. The $25 fee is the amount that contributes to the EMSN threshold.

The total amount that Anne pays is $40: $15 (gap fee) plus $25 (out-of-pocket cost).

You’ll either qualify for:

  • The general EMSN threshold
  • The Concessional and Family Tax Benefit Part A EMSN threshold (if you’re eligible for Family Tax Benefit Part A or hold a valid Pensioner Concession Card, Commonwealth Seniors Health Card or Health Care Card).

The Concessional and Family Tax Benefit Part A threshold is much lower than the general threshold, meaning those with valid eligibility could meet it quicker and be left with fewer out-of-pocket expenses each calendar year (depending on how regularly they’re paying for medical services).

Medicare will generally reimburse 80% of your out-of-pocket costs when you meet the EMSN threshold. However, several MBS items are subject to EMSN benefit caps.2 These caps, which apply to items such as assisted reproductive services, restrict the amount you can get back from Medicare. If the listed EMSN benefit cap is less than 80% of the out-of-pocket cost, that’s the amount you’d get back from Medicare.

Example: Sally has reached her EMSN threshold for the year and has been left with an out-of-pocket expense of $3,000 for an outpatient procedure. Medicare would normally reimburse Sally 80% of her out-of-pocket expenses ($2,400). However, the procedure is subject to an EMSN benefit cap of $1,500, and so that’s the maximum amount Medicare can reimburse. If the EMSN benefit cap was higher than $2,400, she would be reimbursed that amount instead.

What is the PBS Safety Net?

Like the Medicare Safety Net, the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) offers a Safety Net to provide financial relief once you spend a specified amount each calendar year on PBS-listed medication. Medication is reduced to $7.70 or less for general patients and is free for concession card holders once you meet the threshold.3

Services Australia states that the PBS Safety Net threshold in 2024 is $1,647.90 for general patients and $277.20 for concession cardholders.3 Before reaching the threshold, general patients can pay up to $31.60 for PBS-listed medicine, while concession cardholders pay up to $7.70 per script.

Example: Gerri requires several PBS-listed medicines, leaving her $162 out of pocket each month. By October, she’s spent more than $1,657.90 on her medication and has passed the threshold, meaning each PBS-listed medicine will cost her no more than $6.80 for the rest of the calendar year.


More information on the Medicare Safety Net

What is the current Medicare Safety Net threshold?

All Medicare Safety Nets have thresholds, which are set and begin each calendar year on 1 January. You must pay the medical fees before you claim with Medicare for the cost of that treatment to contribute to your Medicare Safety Net threshold. Your circumstances determine which threshold you’re eligible for.

The Medicare Safety thresholds for 2024 are as follows:

Type of thresholdThreshold amountPayment type that contributes to threshold
Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN)$560.40Gap
General Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN)$2,544.30Out-of-pocket
Concessional and Family Tax Benefit Part A EMSN$811.80Out-of-pocket
Source: MBS Online, Medicare Safety Net Arrangements. Updated December 2023.

Is there a Medicare Safety Net for families?

You can claim the Medicare Safety Net as a family, individual or couple. Individuals are automatically registered and are paid benefits once they reach their threshold, but couples and families need to register by filling in a form or contacting Medicare.

Registering as a Medicare Safety Net family ensures that Medicare records any out-of-pocket expenses or claims. By combining the costs of family members, you may hit thresholds faster than you would as an individual. A family is considered to be:

  • A married couple with or without dependent children (which can be a child under 16 or a full-time student aged between 16 and 25)
  • Any de facto couple, either with or without dependent children
  • A person not in a relationship, but with dependent children.

The Medicare Safety Net and pregnancy services

While the Medicare Safety Net covers many pregnancy services, some have EMSN benefit caps, meaning you won’t always be reimbursed 80% once you’ve reached EMSN thresholds. These caps were implemented in 2010 to prevent specialists from unfairly raising fees for patients.2

Medicare would previously contribute 80% of the bill when a health professional hiked a price regardless of the procedure fee set by the government. This made it unfair for patients who weren’t eligible for the EMSN and simply had to pay an inflated price, so caps were introduced. Common pregnancy services that can contribute to the Medicare Safety Net threshold include:

  • Assisted reproductive surgery
  • IVF
  • Fertility treatments
  • Midwifery services
  • Obstetric services
  • Pregnancy ultrasounds.

Couples need to register in order for any valid treatments to count towards EMSN thresholds. Taking out private hospital insurance is another way to help manage expenses for private care if you’re planning on starting a family, but you’ll need to serve a 12-month wait before you can claim on inpatient obstetrics services.

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1 Healthdirect, Medicare Safety Net. Accessed January 2024.

2 MBS Online, Medicare Safety Net Arrangements. Updated December 2023.

3 Services Australia, PBS Safety Net thresholds. Updated January 2024.

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