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If you’re worried about paying expensive medical bills for doctor visits, tests and other out-of-hospital services, the Medicare Safety net can help reduce your out-of-pocket costs.

What is the Medicare Safety Net?

The Medicare Safety Net provides additional financial support to Australians with high medical costs by reducing their out-of-pocket expenses for out-of-hospital services such as x-rays and blood tests. People continue to pay the same upfront amount for doctors, tests and other services, but receive more money back from Medicare when they reach a threshold each calendar year.

Anyone entitled to Medicare who spends a lot of money visiting GPs, specialists, or undergoing an array of scans or pathology and diagnostic tests listed on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) may be eligible for the Medicare Safety Net. It doesn’t apply for treatments you receive as a hospital patient or for day surgery.

What does the Medicare Safety Net cover?

Your procedure must be an out-of-hospital service (not treatment or surgery you receive as a hospital patient) and listed on the MBS to be eligible for the Medicare Safety Net. Common procedures that you can claim on the Medicare Safety Net include:

  • blood tests;
  • GP consultations;
  • CT scans;
  • ultrasounds; and
  • x-rays.

It’s essential to check that the Safety Net covers your treatment by asking your specialist, doctor or Medicare beforehand. Services that aren’t covered won’t count to your Safety Net thresholds.

Medicare will also be able to advise you (via phone, in person or online) of the threshold amount you’re eligible for and how close you are to meeting it.

Which Medicare Safety Nets are available?

There are two Medicare Safety Nets that you may be eligible for – the Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN) and the Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN). You must hold a valid Medicare card to be eligible for either, but it’s possible to meet thresholds for both.

Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN)

The government sets a fee for out-of-hospital medical treatments (known as schedule fees) and while Medicare covers part of this cost, you pay the remaining amount – unless your doctor bulk bills 100% of the fee. This amount is known as the gap and is what counts toward the Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN) threshold.

Example: George requires an x-ray, which has a schedule fee of $246.55. Medicare reimburses George 85% of the fee ($209.56), meaning the gap he pays is $36.99. This $36.99 is the amount that contributes to the OMSN threshold.

When you reach your threshold, you’re entitled to 100% of the schedule fee until 31 December that year.

Before reaching the threshold, you’re able to claim 85% of the schedule fee for out-of-hospital service costs and 100% for GP consultations through Medicare. Singles are automatically paid their OMSN amount after they reach the threshold, but you’ll need to register all family members with Medicare to receive OMSN benefits as a family.

Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN)

Health professionals can set their own fees above the MBS and when this happens, you’re left with out-of-pocket expenses in addition to any gap payments you make. It’s these out-of-pocket expenses that contribute to your EMSN threshold.

Example: Anne requires a CT scan with a schedule fee of $100, but her specialist charges $125. Medicare reimburses Anne 85% of the schedule fee, which is $85. She’s still required to pay the gap ($15), as well as the remaining $25 out of pocket expense on top of it. The $25 fee is the amount that contributes to the EMSN threshold.

The total amount that Anne pays is $40 – which is $15 (gap) plus $25 (out-of-pocket).

You’ll either qualify for:

  • the general EMSN threshold; or
  • the Concessional and Family Tax Benefit Part A EMSN threshold (if you’re eligible for Family Tax Benefit Part A or hold a valid Pensioner Concession Card, Commonwealth Seniors Health Card or Health Care Card).

The Concessional and Family Tax Benefit Part A threshold is much lower than the general threshold, meaning those with valid eligibility could meet them quicker and be left with fewer out-of-pocket expenses each calendar year – depending on how regularly they’re paying for medical services.

Medicare will generally reimburse you 80% of your out-of-pocket costs when you meet EMSN thresholds, however, around 750 MBS items are subject to EMSN benefit caps.1 These caps, which apply to items such as assisted reproductive technology, restrict the amount you can get back from Medicare. If the listed EMSN benefit cap is less than 80% of the out-of-pocket cost, that’s the amount you’d get back from Medicare.

Example: Sally has reached her EMSN threshold for the year and has been left with an out-of-pocket expense of $3,160.50 for an assisted reproductive procedure. Medicare would normally reimburse Sally 80% of her out-of-pocket expenses ($3,075.80), however, the procedure is subject to an EMSN benefit cap of $1,702.30. In this case, the maximum Medicare would reimburse Sally is $1,702.30. If the EMSN benefit cap was higher than $3,075.80, Sally would’ve been entitled to the 80%.

What is the current Medicare Safety Net threshold?

All Medicare Safety Nets have thresholds, which are set and begin each calendar year on 1 January. You must pay medical fees before you claim with Medicare for the cost of that treatment to contribute to your Medicare Safety Net threshold. Your circumstances determine which threshold you’re eligible for.

The Medicare Safety thresholds for 2020 are as follows:

Type of thresholdThreshold amount for 2020Payment type that contributes to threshold
Original Medicare Safety Net (OMSN)$477.90Gap
General Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN)$2,169.20Out-of-pocket
Concessional and Family Tax Benefit Part A EMSN$692.20Out-of-pocket
 Source: Australian Government Department of Human Services (Updated 13 December 2019)2

Is there a Medicare Family Safety Net?

You can claim the Medicare Safety Net as a family, individual or couple. Individuals are automatically registered and are paid benefits once they reach their threshold, but couples and families need to register by filling in a form or contacting Medicare.

Registering as a family ensures that Medicare records any out-of-pocket expenses or claims. By combining the costs of family members, you may hit thresholds faster than you would as an individual. A family is considered to be:

  • a married couple with or without dependents (who can be a child under 16 or a full-time student aged between 16 and 25);
  • any de facto couple, either with or without dependents; or
  • a person not in a relationship, but with dependents.

The Medicare Safety Net and pregnancy services

While the Medicare Safety Net covers many pregnancy services, some have EMSN benefit caps, meaning you won’t always be reimbursed 80% once you’ve reached EMSN thresholds. These caps were implemented in 2010 to prevent specialists from unfairly raising fees for patients.3

Medicare would previously foot 80% of the bill when a health professional hiked a price – regardless of the procedure price set by the government. This made it unfair for patients who weren’t eligible for the EMSN and simply had to pay an inflated price, so caps were introduced. Common pregnancy services that can contribute to the Medicare Safety Net threshold include:

  • assisted reproductive surgery;
  • IVF;
  • fertility treatments;
  • midwifery services;
  • obstetric services; and
  • pregnancy ultrasounds.

Couples need to register, so any valid treatments count towards EMSN thresholds. Taking out private hospital insurance is another way to help manage expenses for private care if you’re planning on starting a family, but you’ll need to serve a 12-month wait before you can make claims on obstetrics services.

What is the PBS Safety Net?

Like the Medicare Safety Net, the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) Safety Net offers financial relief once you spend a specified amount each calendar year on PBS-listed medication. Medication is reduced to $6.60 or less for general patients and is free for concession card holders once you meet the threshold.

The Department of Human Resources states that the PBS Safety Net threshold in 2020 is $1,486.80 for general patients and $316.80 for concession cardholders.4 Before reaching the threshold, general patients can pay up to $41 for PBS-listed medicine, while concession cardholders pay up to $6.60 per script.

Example: Gerri requires several PBS-listed medicines, leaving her $162 out of pocket each month. By October, she’s spent more than $1,486.80 on her medication and has passed the threshold, meaning each PBS-listed medicine will cost her no more than $6.60 for the rest of the calendar year.

Looking for other ways to take control of your healthcare?

Private health insurance gives you greater control as a private patient over (a) who treats you and (b) where you’re treated, whether it’s inside or outside of a hospital. We recommend you learn more about this product and see if it could benefit your particular healthcare needs.


  1. Australian Government Department of Health (updated 22/2/2018) – ‘Extended Medicare Safety Net (EMSN) benefit caps’ – Accessed 8/1/2020
  2. Australian Government Department of Human Services (Updated 13/12/2019) – ‘What are the thresholds’ – Accessed 8/1/2020
  3. Australian Government Department of Health MBS Online – ‘Medicare Safety Net Arrangements: Why are some services capped?’ – Accessed 9/1/2020
  4. Australian Government Department of Human Services – ‘PBS Safety Net thresholds’ – Accessed 8/1/2020.

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