Explore Health Insurance

Joshua MalinWritten by Joshua Malin
Reviewed by Lana Hambilton
Last updated 18/09/2023

Key takeaways

Are you considering taking out a new private health insurance policy or increasing the level of cover you already have? You should consider the waiting periods you’ll need to serve for hospital cover and extras. We’ll break down everything you need to know about waiting periods for both hospital and extras, such as:

  • When you switch health insurance, you typically won’t have to re-serve any waiting periods for an equal or lower level of cover. However, you may need to serve a waiting period for any new or higher benefits.
  • On a hospital insurance policy, the maximum waiting periods are set by the Australian Government and followed by the majority of health funds.
  • On an extras cover policy, the waiting periods are set by the health funds and are occasionally waived to encourage new members to take out cover.
  • If you have a pre-existing condition, you will most likely be required to serve a longer waiting period before claiming on hospital treatment relating to your condition.

Waiting periods explained

Waiting periods explained by Dr Ginni Mansberg.

How waiting periods work

Couple check their waiting periods
When you first join a health fund or upgrade your policy, you will typically have to serve a waiting period before you can claim on your private health insurance policy for the services you gain.

While hospital waiting periods are standard across the industry, waiting periods for extras services vary between insurers, so refer to your policy documents for times you’ll have to wait before claiming on these.

Why is there a waiting period for health insurance?

Private health insurance waiting periods make pricing fair for existing customers. Without waiting periods, people could sign up for cover, immediately claim expensive hospital treatment (like joint replacement surgery) and then cancel their policy before paying anything substantial.

This would effectively allow anyone to access significantly discounted private health care and would cause insurers to charge higher premiums to compensate, impacting customers with increased costs.

How to use your private health insurance immediately

You can use your health insurance straight away if you have transferred to a new hospital or extras policy within the same level of coverage as your previous one, provided you’ve already served the applicable waiting periods for the treatment you are looking to claim for.

If you’re adding to or upgrading your existing hospital or extras cover, you will still be subject to waiting periods for those additional services you’re gaining from the upgrade. However, you will typically still be able to claim your benefits on a lower level of cover. For example, suppose you have an annual limit of $500 to claim on dental services and upgrade to a policy with a $750 limit. In that case, you could claim up to $500 on dental services (provided you haven’t claimed the annual limit with your previous fund) while you serve the waiting period to access the additional $250.

Waiting periods when you switch health insurance

When you switch health insurance policies, your health fund will typically carry across any waiting periods you’ve already completed for a comparable or lower level of cover. However, there are a few exceptions to this that you’ll need to be aware of, such as:

  • Not completing your original waiting period. For example, if you have served 6 months for a benefit requiring a 12-month wait, you will need to complete the remaining 6 months before you can claim on an equal level of cover.
  • New or higher benefits. If your new policy includes a feature you weren’t previously covered for (e.g. orthodontics), you will still need to complete the waiting period before claiming those benefits under a higher level of cover.
  • Gaps in cover. Depending on the fund you’re switching to, you may have to re-serve your waiting periods if you go too long without cover between policies.

Who sets the maximum private health insurance waiting periods?

The Australian Government sets the maximum waiting periods for hospital policies. Most health funds stick to these caps, although they may offer lower waiting periods for promotional purposes (though these waivers are typically applied to extras policies rather than hospital cover).

Are there health funds with no waiting periods?

While private health insurance waiting periods can be waived in some circumstances on extras products, most health insurance policies offered in Australia will incur some sort of waiting period as a general rule. These times may vary between providers or the services you want covered.

How do pre-existing conditions affect waiting periods?

There’s a 12-month waiting period for hospital cover relating to any pre-existing medical conditions you have (except for psychiatric care, rehabilitation and palliative care). After that, you can claim for any treatments listed in your policy brochure provided the procedure is medically necessary, listed on the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) and you’re admitted as an inpatient. Pre-existing conditions aren’t taken into account when claiming on your extras cover.

Hospital cover waiting periods

Doctor discussing private health waiting periods
The maximum waiting periods for hospital cover are set by the Australian Government and are typically the same across all health funds. It’s worth knowing what these waiting periods are so you know exactly when you can start claiming on your hospital policy.

What are the waiting periods for hospital cover?

Waiting periods for hospital cover vary between clinical categories but are no longer than 12 months. The Private Health Insurance Ombudsman outlines the maximum waiting periods you must serve before you can claim on certain hospital benefits.1 They are:

  • 12 months for treatment relating to a pre-existing condition. This is an ailment, illness or condition you showed signs or symptoms of in the 6 months before taking out a hospital policy (excluding cover for palliative care, rehabilitation and psychiatric care) or upgrading to a higher level of cover. This will be assessed by a medical practitioner appointed by the health insurer.
  • 12 months for pregnancy and birth-related services (obstetrics). This means you’ll need to consider health insurance for you and your unborn child before you fall pregnant.
  • 2 months for other services that require hospitalisation (and aren’t pre-existing conditions or subject to other waiting times).

You may also be able to get an exemption from your waiting periods for unrestricted psychiatric care when you upgrade your hospital insurance policy from a level of cover where you have finished a two month waiting period for limited psychiatric care. This is a once in a lifetime exemption.

Hospital insurance without waiting periods

In some circumstances, health funds may have shorter or no waiting periods for cover for accidents. Other than that, funds generally won’t waive the waiting periods for hospital cover.

If there’s a certain feature of your health insurance policy you wish to claim on sooner rather than later, ask about the waiting periods that apply before you join. Or compare health insurance policies to review the different waiting periods that apply for different policies.

Always check your policy document for applicable waiting periods.

How do waiting periods affect obstetrics?

You need to take out pregnancy cover at least 12 months before the expected due date to be covered. If you deliver your baby early, prior to serving your waiting period, your health fund will not pay a benefit towards your private hospital inpatient costs.

Once you’ve served your waiting period, you’ll be covered up to the MBS fee for giving birth in a private hospital. You’ll be able to recover in your own private room (subject to availability) and choose your obstetrician who will be there with you through the birth (if available).

Extras cover waiting periods

Waiting periods for extras cover are decided by the individual health funds, meaning they could vary greatly between insurers. Health funds may waive some extras waiting periods to encourage new members to sign up, so keep an eye out for these promotions.

What are the waiting periods for extras cover?

The waiting periods for extras cover (also known as general treatment or ancillary care) can be as little as zero to two months for cheaper services (e.g. general dental and physiotherapy) or up to 36 months for more expensive services (e.g. hearing aids or dentures).

The Private Health Insurance Ombudsman outlines some typical waiting periods for general treatment, as shown in the table below.1

2 months6 months12 months1, 2 or 3 years
  • Physiotherapy
  • General dental
  • Optometry (e.g. glasses)
  • Major dental procedures, like crowns
  • Orthodontics and other high-cost procedures

Extras insurance without waiting periods

Insurers often hold promotions where they waive some extras waiting periods on combined extras and hospital policies to encourage new members to join private health insurance.

However, it’s uncommon for insurers to waive 12-month waiting periods. For example, you may not need to serve waiting periods for general or preventative services like routine dental check-ups. Still, you will need to wait before claiming on major dental treatment, like root canals or denture care.

Meet our health insurance expert, Lana Hambilton

As Head of Health, Life and Income Protection Insurance at Compare the Market, Lana Hambilton is passionate about helping Australians better understand their health insurance. Waiting periods, for instance, need only be served once before you’re eligible to claim on your policy (provided you maintain continuous cover).

Lana has 15 years’ experience in the health insurance and insurance comparison industries. She’s also a Board Member of the Private Health Insurance Intermediaries Association.


1 Private Health Insurance Ombudsman – ‘Waiting periods for private health insurance’ Accessed February 2023

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