What are the regular costs of owning a home?
Assuming you took out a home loan to buy your home, your home loan repayments will generally be one of the chunkier regular costs you’ll incur once your upfront home-buying costs have been dealt with.
Depending on the type of home loan and interest rate you have, your mortgage payments will either be constant (if you have a fixed rate home loan) or could potentially vary (if you have a variable rate home loan).
Additionally, a lender will typically offer you different repayment frequency options, meaning you could potentially choose to make either weekly, fortnightly or monthly repayments in order to influence the size of your regular mortgage repayments. This means you’ll generally be able to pick a repayment frequency that suits your budget and financial situation, regardless of your loan amount.
Ongoing home loan fees
Most home loans typically come with account-keeping or package fees, which can come in the form of smaller monthly costs or larger annual charges. These package fees could be higher if you have other features such as an offset account as part of your home loan package.
While these fees will likely be a drop in the bucket compared against your home loan repayments, they can still add up. With this in mind, you may want to shop around for a home loan with fees that are either on par with the market average or below it.
All homeowners are required to pay council rates, which go towards civic services and infrastructure such as footpaths and public parks.
Houses and similar large properties will typically attract higher council rates than units, as councils tend to use the value of the property and land as the basis for their rates calculations. Check with the vendor, a buyer’s agent or your local council to get an idea of what council rates and other relevant government fees might look like in the area you want to buy in.
Body corporate fees
If you buy a unit, apartment or townhouse in a building or complex, you may have to pay body corporate/strata fees as a result.
Body corporate fees are charged to residents of a building or complex by the body corporate itself, which is a legal entity comprised of the owners involved in a community title scheme (e.g. the body corporate for an apartment building would be made up of those who own the individual apartments). This means that body corporate fees are part property tax, part legal fee and part property maintenance expenses.
Body corporate fees go towards the upkeep of common areas, provision of utilities and any necessary structural repairs to the property.
However, buying an apartment or unit doesn’t guarantee you’ll have to pay body corporate fees, as the building’s various properties may be individually metred for utilities. Check with your buyers’ agent, the seller or their real estate agent for a better understanding of any applicable body corporate fees you may have to pay.
Home and contents insurance
Depending on the type of property you buy, you’ll want to have home and contents insurance in place prior to final settlement. Lenders typically won’t agree to finance your property purchase until you can show evidence that you’ve insured the property against damage. In this sense, your home insurance premiums will be an upfront cost as well as an ongoing one.
If you’ve bought a unit or apartment, you may not be required to take out building or home insurance as it may be the responsibility of the building’s owner. However, you should still consider contents insurance to protect your belongings inside your home.
As a renter, you may not have paid for your water or gas usage, as landlords will sometimes cover these costs. However, as an owner occupier, you’ll be responsible for the cost of every utility connected to your home.
With this in mind, you may want to make sure you’ve got your providers and connections sorted ahead of time, and get an idea of what you might pay for water, electricity and gas in your new home.
Keep in mind that these expenses will ultimately depend on your household usage, so while they’re a regular cost, they’ll likely be a fluctuating one.
What are the irregular costs of owning a home?
General maintenance and wear and tear
Maintenance costs are just about a given as a homeowner – the tricky bit is that they don’t operate on a timetable, so you could have to fork out for maintenance work at any time.
The good news is that a lot of general maintenance tasks can be completed yourself, like cleaning out gutters, keeping air conditioner filters clean and so on.
However, for larger-scale maintenance work or the eradication of pests such as ants or termites, you may have to enlist the services of a tradesperson, which generally won’t be cheap. This is why building inspections and pest inspections are often a crucial part of the initial home buying process.
Breakages and repairs
However much you tinker, clean and tighten, breakages happen and repairs are subsequently required. If you fancy yourself as a bit handy, you could attempt to handle many of these repairs yourself, but some of them may be beyond your ability.
Qualified professionals generally don’t come cheap. However, you may be able to reduce the frequency of breakages occurring around your home by staying diligent and up to date on your maintenance works. This in turn can see you spending less on repairs!
Whether you’ve lived in your home for two years or 20, you might decide that it’s time to give it a bit of a facelift with some renovations.
This could be anything from installing a new kitchen to re-doing your bathroom or completely transforming the look and feel of your entire home.
However, unlike most of the costs on this list, which fall into the ‘pay for them upfront when you encounter them’ category, renovations should ideally be thought through and planned well in advance.
You may even decide to refinance your home loan in order to borrow additional funds for the renovations, rather than paying for them out of pocket. If so, be sure to compare home loans to find one that suits your current financial needs and wants – including the renovations!
Whereas renovations change the feel of a space or home, remodelling changes the purpose or structure of a space, and is a much more labour-intensive process.
Remodelling will often involve the removal and rebuilding of walls and the reconfiguration of large parts of your home, if not the whole property. This means it’ll generally be significantly more expensive than a simple renovation and will subsequently need to be planned and budgeted for thoroughly.
Some remodelling may also require you to obtain a development approval or even a building approval from your local council before you start work– it’s worth checking in with your local authority before you pick up the tools.
As with renovations, however, you may decide to pay for them by refinancing your home loan.